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初中 - 中考 - 英語  輔導材料

初中英語最重要的100個固定短語,含例句!

來源:


經常,我們會發現幾個單詞都認識,但它們構成的短語往往就不知道是什么意思了。短語和單詞一樣都是構成句子的重要成分,偏廢任何一個都是不可取的。

今天,和大家分享初中英語最重要的l00個固定短語,每個后面都配有例句,幫助大家更好的掌握其用法!

l.agree with 同意……的意見(想法);符合
Ican’t agree with you about that.

就那件事,我無法同意你的看法。

2.listen to傾聽……

When she arrived,I was listening to English.

她來的時候,我正在聽英語。

3.get to 到達

I get to school at about 7:30 every day,and I get home at 5:00 in the afternoon.

我每天7:30到校,下午5:00到家。

4.fall off (從……) 掉下

Thegirl fell off the bike.

女孩從自行車上摔了下來。

5.knock at/on 敲(門、窗)

There was a heavy knock at the door.

有人在猛烈地敲門。

6.laugh at 嘲笑

It’s not good to laugh at a person who is in trouble.

譏笑一個陷于困境的人是不對的。

7.learn…from… 向……學習

Bob,you should learn from your brother.He does well in his homework.

鮑勃,你應該向你哥哥學一學。他的作業完成得很好。

8.live on 繼續存在;靠……生活

People in my hometown live on rice.

我家鄉的人們靠大米為生。

9.look after 照顧,照看

I must look after my old grandma when my parents are not at home.

父母不在家時,我必須照顧我的老奶奶.

l0.help…with 幫助……做……

My friend helps me with my English study.

我的朋友幫助我學習英語。

ll.at the end of 在……的結束時,在……末尾

We are given an examination at the end of each month.

我們每個月底都有一場考試。

l2.be keen on 喜歡,熱愛,醉心于……

I am keen on studying English.

我熱心于學習英語。

l3.next to 旁邊的

Who’s the boy sitting next to you?

坐在你邊上的那個男孩是誰?

l4.in the middle of 在……中間

Don't put the sand in the middle of the path!

別把沙子倒在路中央。

l5.work as 擔任,從事

I will study science well and work as a scientist.

我要學好科學,將來做個科學家。

l6.be responsible for 為……負責

He was responsible for making plans for the meeting.

他負責做會議計劃。

l7.pay for 為……付錢,賠償

We have to pay 345 yuan for the cost of the trip.

我們必須為這次旅行交345元。

l8.for free 免費地,無償地

The website provides English vocabulary to everyone for free.

這個網站免費向每一個人提供英語詞匯。

l9.try one’s best 竭盡所能;盡力,盡自己最大努力

Students ought to try their best to learn all subjects well.

學生應該盡力學好每一門功課。

20.believe in 信仰,信任

We do not believe in God.

我們不相信上帝。

2l.keep fit 保持健康

We must do sports to keep fit.

我們必須參加體育鍛煉,保持身體健康。

22.get on well 和睦相處

We all get on well with eachother here in the school.

我們大家在學校里都和睦相處。

23.the same…as 和……同樣的

I feel the same as you.

我與你有同樣的感受。

24.no longer 不再,己不,不復,再也不

He has been a famous musician for a long time, but he plays nolonger.

他成為有名的音樂家已很久了,但他現在不演奏了。

25.instead of 代替……,而不……

They must go out and play balls instead of staying at home.

他們必須走出去打打球,而不是呆在家里。

26. get away 走開,離開逃走

I hope to get away early in the morning.

我希望一早就動身離開。

27.break…down 打破,損壞

The robbers broke the door down.

強盜們把門砸開了。

28. in addition to 除……之外(還)

She can speak French and Japanese in addition to English.

除英語外,她還會講法語和日語。

29.be angry with 生(某人)的氣

My teacher was angry with me because I was late for school.

我的老師對我很生氣,因為我上學遲到了。

30.happen to 碰巧

I happened to meet a friend of mine in the street yesterday.

昨天我碰巧在街上遇到了我的一個朋友。

3l.be unaware of 沒有警覺到 

He seemed to be unaware ofthe trouble he was causing.

他似乎還沒有警覺到自己惹起的麻煩。

32.depend on 依靠

My success depends on myfriends’help.

我的成功是依靠我的朋友們的幫助。

33.for the time being 暫且,眼下

She’staying with her aunt for the timebeing.

她暫時住在她姨媽那里。

34.be pleased with 對……感到滿意

We are sure you will be pleased with ourproducts.

我們確信您會對我們的產品感到滿意的。

35.Take chargeof 負責照料,承辦,掌管

My mother tries to take charge of everything in our shop.

母親試圖管理商店里的所有事務。

36.break into 闖入,強行進入,破門而入

We had to break into thehouse as we had lost the key.

因為我們弄丟了鑰匙,所以不得不破門而入。

37.make mistakes 犯錯誤

A computer sometimes willmake mistakes.

電腦有時候也會犯錯誤。

38.rush down 沖下來,沖過去

When it rains heavily,water can rush down the sides of mountains.

如果雨下得很大,雨水就能順著山沖下來。

39.make jokesabout 開玩笑,取笑某人

They make jokes about my oldhat.

他們就我的舊帽子取笑我。

40.along with 和……一起,隨著,除……以外(還)

The boy came along with his parents and visited the museum.

那個男孩與父母一道參觀了博物館。

4l.succeed in 在某方面取得成功

At last he succeeded inclimbing up the difficult mountain.

他終于成功地登上了這座難以攀登的山峰。

42.be made of 由……制成(看得見原材料)

The desk is made of wood.

這張桌子是由木頭制成的。

43.be made from 由……制成(看不見原材料)

Wine can be made from rice,sweet potato,wheat and grape

酒可以用大米、番薯、小麥、葡萄制成。

44.feel like 想要

She really feels like havinga talk with him about his study at school.

她的確想和他談一下他在學校的學習情況。

45.take care of 照顧,愛護

Please take care of the babyfor me for a while,will you?

請替我照顧一下這孩子,好嗎?

46.trade in 做買賣

They trade in their carevery three years.

他們每隔三年就以l[3汽車貼換新車。

47.in no time 很快

He’ll be back in no time.

他很快就會回來。

48.sell out 賣完

He decided to sell out allthe clothes in his shop cheaply.

他決定便宜賣掉店里的所有服裝。

49.take pleasure in 從……中所獲得樂趣

Mary takes pleasure in watching TV for one hour every day.

瑪麗以每天看l小時電視為樂。

50.all one’s life 一輩子

He lived in the countryside all his life.他一輩子都生活在鄉下。

5l.start off 以……開始,出發;開始

They start off early,so that they can catch the train.

他們出發得早,可以趕上火車。

52.complain about 抱怨

You’ve got nothing to complain about.

你沒什么可抱怨的。

53.take off 脫掉,(飛機等)起飛

Take off your hat.It doesn’t fit you.

取下你的帽子,它不適合你。

54.right away 馬上

It’s getting late.Please excuse me,but I must leave right away.

時間不早了。對不起,我得趕緊走了。

55.in return 作為回報

He gave her some roses in return for her kindness.

他送了她一些玫瑰以答謝她的好意。

56.shout at 大聲說話,大聲喊叫

Don’t shout at me.Allow me to explain.

別對我大吼大叫。讓我解釋嘛。

57.come back 回來

It doesn’t matter when you’ll come back.

你什么時候回來都沒關系。

58.be used to(doing something) 習慣……

He is used to getting upearly.

他習慣了早起。

59.have the ability to 具備……的能力

I don’t have the ability todo the job well.

我不具備做好這項工作的能力。

60.be free from 擺脫,免于

We must be free from the heavy homework.

我們必須從繁重的作業中解脫出來。

6l.as long as 如果,只要,既然

As long as it doesn’t rain,we can go.

只要不下雨,我們就可以去。

62.apply for 申請,請求

He applied for a job in the supermarket.

他申請超市的一份工作。

63.get upset 難過

Don’t get upset.It’s not your fault.

別難過,不是你的錯。

64.be prepared to do 準備……

You must be prepared lo work hard!

你必須認真準備工作。

65.keep…from 阻止

The heavy rain kept us from coming on time.

大雨使我們沒有及時到來。

66.give up 放棄

We should give up smoking in order to keep healthy.

為了健康我們必須戒煙。

67.know of 熟悉,了解

I don’t know the writer,hut I know of him.

我不認識這個作家,但我了解他。

68.put out 撲滅

At last firemen have put out a big forest fire in California.

消防隊員終于撲滅了加利福尼亞洲的一場森林大火。

69.from then on 從那時起

From then on she knew she wouldwin.

她從那時起就知道自己會得勝。

70.be strict with 嚴格要求

You should be strict with yourselves and spend less time on playing games and more on study.

你應該嚴格要求自己,少玩游戲多學習。

7l.fall ill 生病

She have to stay home because her son fall ill.

因為兒子生病,所以她得待在家里。

72.be grateful to 感謝,感激

This is Teacher’s Day and a time to be grateful to all teachers.

今天是教師節,也是向所有教師致謝的日子。

73.at the age of 在……年紀(歲數)

In Britain,people get to the vote at the ageof l8.

在英國,人們到十八歲有選舉權。

74.in place of 代替

I will go to this meeting inplace of you.

我會代替你去參加這次會議。

75.be curious about 對……感到好奇

It is good to be curious aboutthe world around you.

對你周圍的世界感到新奇是件好事。

76.lead to 導致

Too much work and too little rest often lead to illness.

過量的工作和過少的休息會引起疾病。

77.be tired of 感到厭倦

I am tired of waiting.

我等厭煩了。

78.set up 建立,建造,創立,豎立

People plan to set up some new factories here.

人們計劃在這里開辦一些新工廠。

79.search for 搜索,搜尋

After he felt better,he searched for work at the different factories.

他感到好些后,就在各工廠找工作。

80.It takes sb. some time to do sth.

花費某人多少時間做某事。

It took me half an hour todo the work.

完成這項工作花了我半個小時。

8l.It’s nice/kind of sb.to do… 某人做某事太好了

It’s kind of you to give meso much help.

給予我這么大的幫助,你真是太好了。

82.There is no space (room) to stand in.

沒有站的地方或空間

83.look up 查閱

Look up the words in the dictionary when you don’t know what they mean.

不知道單詞的意思,就要查閱字典。

84.hear from 收到來信

We are happy to hear from my father,although he is far away from home.

雖然父親遠離家里,但是我們很開心能收到他的來信。

85.mistake…for 誤把……當作……

I often mistake him for his twin brother.

我經常誤把他當作他的同胞弟弟。

86.thanks to 多虧……,因為……

Thanks to the Great GreenWall,they can grow a lot more cotton than before.

多虧有了綠色長城,現在他們種的棉花比以前多得多了。

87.make friends with 與……交朋友

The students make friends with one another and usually get on well.

學生們相互交朋友,通常相處得很好。

88.because of 由于……

Because of his carelessness,he lost his money on the way home.

由于粗心大意,在回家的路上他把錢丟了。

89.be good/bad for 對……有好處/有害

Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes.

在太陽下看書對你的眼睛不好。

90.be supposed to do …  應該/被要求干……

Students are supposed to study hard.

學生應該好好學習。

9l.bother sb. to do sth. 打擾某人做某事

I’m sorry to bother you,but can you tell me the way to the station?

我十分抱歉打擾你,但是你能告訴我怎么去車站嗎?

92.call sb. sth. 叫某人......

We all call him old Wang.

我們都稱他老王。

93.care about 關心 

Don’t you care about this country’s future?

難倒你不關心國家的未來嗎?

94.catch up with sb. 趕上某人

My English is poor and I can’t catch up with my classmates.

我的英語太差,我趕不上班上的同學。

95.come up with 提出,想出

Can you come up with a good idea?

你能想出一個好辦法嗎?

96.escape from 從……逃跑

The prisoners have escaped from the prison.

犯人從監獄里逃跑出來。

97.have fun doing 玩得高興

I don’t know if mum has any fun doing housework every day.

我不知道媽媽每天做家務是否開心。

98.have…(時間)off 放……假

People have two days off every week.

人們每個星期有兩天的假。

99.how do you like = what do you think of你對什么的看法

How do you like the movie?

你對這部電影有什么看法?

l00.in one’s opinion 某人認為

In my opinion,there are more.and more cars and they may do harm to our city.

在我看來,越來越多的汽車對我們的城市不利。
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